2020年03月25日  星期三
工程院院士:芯片制造获利周期长,失败概率高,谁投钱?
2018年05月02日来源:环球网
分享:

“中国芯”有“两座大山”要跨越。

澳门BBIN视讯游戏MEIGUOYAOFADONGYICHANGZHENDUIZHONGGUODE“KEJILENGZHAN”?YINZHONGMEIMAOYIZHENGDUANDENGSHIYI,ZUIJINKEJIZIZHUCHUANGXINCHENGWEIGUONEIGEJIEJILIETAOLUNDEHUATI。ZHONGGUOWEISHENMEYIDINGYAOYOUXINXICHANYEDEHEXINJISHU?“ZHONGGUOXIN”LUZAIHEFANG?4YUE30RI,HUANHUAN(ID:huanqiu-com)DUIZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHINIGUANGNANJINXINGLEZHUANFANG。

ZAOCHENDEKAFEIGUANLIKERENBUDUO,NIANJINBAXUNDENIGUANGNANWEIXUANZEHUANHUANJIANYIDEKAOCHUANGSHAFA,ERSHIXUANZELEKAOBEIZHIZHIDEMUYI。YOUYUGUOQUZHEIXIENIANDEJINGLI,YOURENCHENGNIGUANGNANSHI“TANGJIHEDE”,ZAIBEIHUANHUANWENDAOZENMEKANZHEIGESHUOFASHI,TAHELEKOUKAFEI,XIAOZHEYONGZHIJINCACAZUISHUO:“QISHIWOZUODESHIZIXUN、ZHICHIGONGZUO,SHIERXIANDESHI。”

教训

“不要指望别人会卖给你核心技术”

环环:很多资料显示,中国计算机的起步并不算晚,是这样吗?

澳门BBIN视讯游戏NIGUANGNAN:SHANGSHIJI50NIANDAIZHONGKEYUANJISUANSUOGANGCHENGLISHI,SHIJIESHANGNENGZUODAXINGJISUANJIDEZHIYOUMEIGUO、SULIANDENGSHAOSHUJIGEGUOJIA。DANGSHIWOMENDEDIYITAIDIANZIGUANDAXINGJISUANJISHIFANGSULIANDE,JIASHANGJIFANG、TONGFENGSHESHI,YITAIJISUANJIZUYOUYIGELANQIUCHANGNEIMEDA,FEICHANGZHUANGGUAN。

澳门BBIN视讯游戏DANSHI,YAOZUOBIRUTIANQIYUBAO、SHIYOUKANTANDENGLINGYUDEYANJIUSHI,WOMENZIJIDEJISUANJIBUGOUYONG,SUOYIHAISHIYAOYONGJINKOUJISUANJI,ZHEIJIUYAOJINGGUOCHUKOUFANGYANGEDESHENCHA,ERQIECHUKOUJINIDEJISUANJIBUHUICHAOGUOWOMENZIJIJISUANJIDESHUIPING。JISHIMAILAILE,WAIGUOHAIHUIPAIRENLAIKANZHE,YAOQIUBIXUYONGYUGUIDINGDEYONGTU。

XIANZAI,WOMENDECHAOJIJISUANJIXINGNENGZHIBIAOSHIJIEDIYI,ZHEISHIWOMENZIJIZUOCHULAIDE。CONGZHEIGELIZIKEYIZHIDAO,BUYAOZHIWANGBIERENHUIMAIJINIHEXINJISHU。

环环:“方舟1号”算是中国芯片的起点吗?

NIGUANGNAN:ZHONGGUOXINPIANSHEJIYEDEQIDIANHENDUO,“FANGZHOU1HAO”SUANSHIZHIYIBA。GENGZAOZAI1988NIAN,WOMENJISUANSUOGONGSI,JIUSHILIANXIANGQIANSHEN,KAISHIZUOZHUANYONGXINPIAN,CHENGWEIASIC(ZHUANYONGJICHENGDIANLU),SHISUNZUXIYANJIUYUANDAIZHENIANQINGRENQUXINJIAPOCHATERGONGSIDESHEJISHIYANSHIYANFADE。WULIUNIANSHIJIANLIJIEYONGBIERENDETIAOJIAN,WOMENHOULAIYIGONGYANFALE5GEASIC,YONGZAIHANKA、HANZIDAYINJI、WEIXINGJISHANG,HUODELECHENGGONG。

2000NIAN,GUOWUYUANYINFA《GULIRUANJIANCHANYEHEJICHENGDIANLUCHANYEFAZHANDERUOGANZHENGCE》,JITONGCHANGSUOSHUODE18HAOWENJIAN,GUIDINGDUIRUANJIANCHANYEZHENGSHUICONG17%JIANGDAO3%,XINPIANSHEJIYESHITONGRUANJIANCHANYE。SUOYI,CONGNEIYIHOU,WOMENGUOJIADEXINPIANSHEJICHANYEJIUKUAISUFAZHANQILAILE。XINPIANSHEJILEISIYURUANJIAN,YILAIYURENLEIDEZHILI,GENGONGYEJICHUGUANXIBUDA,WOMENGENGUOWAICHAJUBUSHITAIDA。

澳门BBIN视讯游戏LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAIXINPIANZHIZAOLINGYU,ZIJINYANZHONGBUZU,MEIRENYUANYIBAZIJINTOURUDAOZHEIYANGYIGERENCAIXIQUE、HUOLIZHOUQIZHANG、SHIBAIGAILVBIJIAODADEGAOFENGXIANLINGYU,SUOYI,XINPIANZHIZAOYIZHIMEIYOUTAIDAQISE,SHUIPINGHENDI,SHENZHIZHINENGCHENGZHIWEI“CHANGSHI”,TANBUSHANGCHANYE。

难点

“我们的软件,谁来第一个用?”

环环:您感觉掌握芯片产业核心技术最难突破的点在哪?

澳门BBIN视讯游戏NIGUANGNAN:HAOWUYIWEN,XINPIANDEZHIZAOHUANJIESHIWOMENDEDUANBAN,TAYOUXIELEISIYUCHUANTONGCHANYE,YILAIGONGYEJICHU。WOMENJINGCHANGZAIDIANSHISHANGKANDAONEIXIECHUANZHEBAIDAGUA、ZAIWUCHENHUANJINGLIJINXINGJINGMIZHIZAODECHANGJING,NEISHIWOMENLUOHOUBIJIAODUODE。XINPIANZHIZAOSHIGEZIJINMIJI、RENCAIMIJI、JISHUMIJIDECHANYE,XUYAOGUOJIAXIAJUEXIN,XISHOUSHEHUIZIJINJINXINGDATOURULAIZHUIGAN。

TONGSHI,XINPIANZHIZAOGENCHUANTONGCHANYEXIANGBIYEYOUTESHUXING,TADEGUIMOXIAOYITEBIEMINGXIAN,XUYAODATOURU。BIRUCHUANTONGZHIZAOYEDEZHONGXIAOQIYEKEYIKAOSHENGCHANYILIANGGELINGBUJIANLAISHENGCUN,DANXINPIANZHIZAOZHIYOUDAQIYECAINENGHUOXIAQU。

YIJINGDONGFANGWEILI,TASHUYUXINPIANZHIZAOYEDEYIGEFENZHI,YESHIZAICHIXUTOURU10NIANHOUCAIKAISHIYINGLI。HUAWEI、BATMUQIANDOUHAIMEIYOUJIERUXINPIANZHIZAO,JISHIDUIYUZHEIYANGDEXINGYEJUTOU,DANDUJIERUXINPIANZHIZAODENANDUHAISHITAIDA,BUGUO,TAMENHUIYIMOUZHONGXINGSHICANYU。

LINGWAI,“SHENGTAI”JIANSHEYEFEICHANGZHONGYAO。XINPIANHECAOZUOXITONGGOUCHENGJICHU,ZAITASHANGMIANYOUDALIANGRUANYINGJIANGOUCHENGYIGETIXI,ZAIFAZHANDALIANGYINGYONGXINGCHENGDUITIXIDEZHICHI,ZHEIJIUSHIYIGE“SHENGTAI”。HENDUODADEKUAGUOGONGSIDOUMEIYOUGUO“SHENGTAI”ZHEIYIGUAN,BIRUWintel(Windows+Intel)TIXIZAIPCSHANGZHANTONGZHIDIWEI,DANZAIYIDONGLINGYUQUEBEIPINGGUOHEANZHUODABAI。YUEMEIRENYONGJIUYUEWUFAHUODEYINGYONGZHICHI,YUEMEIYOUYINGYONGZHICHIJIUYUEMEIRENYONG,ZHEISHIGEEXINGXUNHUAN。“SHENGTAI”YIDANXINGCHENG,NEIJIUSHIJICHENGSHISHI,LONGDUANJIUSHIYIZHONGMATAIXIAOYING,QIANGZHEYUQIANG,LONGDUANZHEDIWEIHENNANBEIHANDONG。

环环:面对制造和生态“两座大山”,中国芯片产业出路在哪?

澳门BBIN视讯游戏NIGUANGNAN:YAOJIADAHEXINJISHUYANFALIDUHESHICHANGHUAYINDAO。YANFADEZHONGYAOXINGJIUBUYONGSHUOLE,WEISHENMEYAO“SHICHANGHUAYINDAO”NI?DUIYU“SHENGTAI”JIANSHELAISHUO,YOUSHIHOUWOMENKEYITONGGUOGOUMAISHANGYESHOUQUANLAIJIANRONGGUOJISHANGBIJIAOTONGYONGDE“SHENGTAI”,DANHENDUOSHIHOUYOUBUDENI,BIRUWintel “SHENGTAI”SHIMAIBUDAODE,HUANXIANGYONGWintelHENRONGYIBEIRENJIAYIGE“301DIAOCHA”JIGAODIAO。

澳门BBIN视讯游戏NEIMELINGYITIAOLUJIUSHIXIANYOUYIGESHICHANG,RANGZHEIGE“SHENGTAI”ZAISHICHANGZHONGDEDAOLIANGXINGXUNHUAN:YOURENYONG,YONGDEGUOCHENGZHONGGAIJIN,GAIJINHOUYOUGENGDUORENYONG,RANHOUGENGDUORENZUOYINGYONGZHICHICUSHITAGAIJIN。DANZHEITIAOLUSHIZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTIJIUSHI:WOMENDERUANJIAN,SHEILAIDIYIGEYONG?

WORENWEIZHONGGUOZHENGFUCAIGOUSHICHANGKEYINACHULAI,ZHEISHIWOMENJIARUWTOHAIMEIKAIFANGDESHICHANG。WOMENZIJIDERUANJIAN,ZHENGFUZIJIXIANYONG。ZHONGGUOTILIANGDA,JINZHENGFUCAIGOUDEDIANNAO,LIANGSANQIANWANTAISHIYOUDE,QISHICHANGGUIMOXIANGDANGYUOUZHOUYIGEGUOJIA。ZHEIGEYOUSHILIYONGQILAI,“SHENGTAI”JIANSHEJIUKEYIYOUQISE。

HUANHUAN:ANZHAONINDEZHEIXIESHEXIANG,ZHONGGUORUGUOXIADINGJUEXINLAIZHUIGAN,XUYAODUOJIUCAINENGDADAOSHIJIEYILIUSHUIPING?

澳门BBIN视讯游戏NIGUANGNAN:JIUXINPIANSHEJILAISHUO,BENLAIWOMENGENSHIJIELINGXIANSHUIPINGBINGMEIYOUDADECHAJU,ERQIESHEJIBINGBUXUYAOTAIDAZIJINTOURU,LONGDUANYEBUSHIHENQIANG,ZHIYAOGUIHUAHAO,DAGAISANDAOWUNIANJIUNENGJIANDAOHENDADEXIAOGUO。XINPIANZHIZAOJIUYAOANZHAO《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》DEGUIHUALAICANKAOLE,ZHISHAOXUYAOSHINIANBANIAN,SHENZHIGENGZHANGSHIJIAN。“SHENGTAI”JIANSHEZEYAOKANWOMENDEZHUGUANNENGDONGXING。RUGUOANZHAONANYIDUPAIXU,ZHIZAOYAOSHIXIANGANCHAOSHIZUINANDE,“SHENGTAI”CIZHI,SHEJIXIANGDUIZUIRONGYI。

趋势

“眼下的热潮是好事,但不宜遍地开花”

环环:现在中国互联网公司在应用领域蒸蒸日上,但有人说,外卖软件、共享单车成就不了大国地位,是这样吗?

澳门BBIN视讯游戏NIGUANGNAN:CHUANGXINYOUHENDUOZHONG,YOUHEXINJISHUCHUANGXIN,YEYOUSHANGYEMOSHICHUANGXIN、GUANLICHUANGXIN、ZHIDUCHUANGXINDENG,DANWOJUEDEHEXINJISHUCHUANGXINSHIJICHU。MOSHICHUANGXINKANQILAIHENCHENGGONG,DANTADEBEIHOUXUYAOHEXINJISHUDEZHICHENG,SUOYIHEXINJISHUCHUANGXINSHIBUNENGFANGSONGDE。WOJINGCHANGGENYIXIENIANQINGDECHUANGYEZHELIAO,TAMENHUIJUEDEMOSHICHUANGXINLAIQIANBIJIAOKUAI,DANWOTIXINGTAMEN,RUGUOMEIYOUHEXINJISHU,NIBEITIDAIKENENGYEHUIHENKUAI。

环环:“中国芯片”的话题引发一股热潮,项目融资和上马速度明显加快,您怎么看这种现象?有什么建议?

澳门BBIN视讯游戏NIGUANGNAN:ZHEIKENDINGSHIGEHENHAODEXIANXIANG,SHUOMINGCONGGUOJIADAOQIYE,DOUKAISHIXIAJUEXINLAITUPOLE,DADEFANGXIANGMEICUO。DANYAOZHUYIDEYIDIANSHI,GEJIEDELILIANGXIANDEYOUDIANFENSAN,GENJUJINGYAN,XINPIANCHANYEXUYAOZIJINJIZHONG,RUGUOFENSANKAIFA,ZUIHOUDEJIEGUOKENENGSHIDAJIADOUBUGOUQIANG。SUOYI,WORENWEIYINGGAIGENGHAODIZHENGHEHETONGCHOUZIYUAN,BUYAOBIANDIKAIHUA,FENSANLILIANG。

ZAIGUOJIXINPIANCHANYEZHONG,ZAOYIXINGCHENGLONGDUANGUATOU,HOUQIDEXIAOQIYEHENNANSHENGCUN,DAOZUIHOUKENENGCHENGLEZUOWUYONGGONG。ZAIXUYAODAPOLONGDUANDESHIHOU,BUNENGQUANKAOSHICHANGGUILV,FOUZENIJIUBUKENENGJINRULE。WOMENGUOJIABENLAISHIYOU“JIZHONGLILIANGBANDASHI”DEYOUSHIDE,ZHEIGEYOUSHIYINGGAILIYONGHAO。BIJING,GENXINPIANCHANYEDEGUOJIGUATOUXIANGBI,WOMENDETOURUHAISHITAIXIAOLE。

环环:为什么我们一定要做出自己的芯片和操作系统?世界上很多国家没有这些核心技术,不也好好的吗?

澳门BBIN视讯游戏NIGUANGNAN:ZHEIYAOKANYIGEGUOJIADEMUBIAOSHISHENME,RUGUOJUEDEZUOYIGEWANGLUODAGUOJIUGOULE,NEIWOMENMEIBIYAOZHUIQIUSHENMEHEXINJISHU。DANWOMENDEMUBIAOSHIWANGLUOQIANGGUO,BUZOUZIJIDEHEXINJISHUZHILU,RENJIABUKENENGRANGNIZHUIGANSHANGLAI。

ZONGZHI,YOUXIESHIQING,RUGUONIJUEDEBUKEBIMIAN,NEIMEZAOXIAJUEXINBIWANXIAJUEXINYAOHAO,BIRU“BEIDOU”,WOMENSHIJINIANQIANJIUXIAJUEXINYAOGAO,XIANZAIBEIDOUHENHAOYONG。RUGUOZAOSHIJINIANXIAJUEXINGAOXINPIANZHIZAO,WOMENKENENGYIJINGYOUZIJIDEXINPIAN,BUHUIBEIRENJIAKABOZILE。

当前评论0
评论
您需要登录后才可以评论 登录 | 立即注册

掏乐棋牌---首页_欢迎您 牛牛久精品视频 飞禽走兽鲨鱼机游戏-Welcome 乐逸棋牌手机版 百灵拼三张安卓版